Those who live in Ottawa love it. Ottawa is the capital of Canada, and the city plays a vital role in Canadian history. Canada’s Parliament building towers over the city, which, along with the famed Rideau Canal, make it a picturesque place to live. The city is located in Eastern Ontario, and it borders Gatineau, Quebec. Gatineau is on the north bank of the Ottawa River, and together, they form the National Capital Region (NCR). It is also between Toronto and Montreal and north of eastern United States. Ottawa is the second-largest city in Ontario and the sixth-largest city in terms of population in Canada. It has a population of 934,245 (2016 census). The overall Ottawa-Gatineau metropolitan area has over 1.3 million residents.
As home to the Federal Government, Ottawa offers many career options in government and the tech sector. It is truly an international city and a great city to raise a family. Ottawa has a young and diverse population. Over 65 percent of residents are between 18 and 49. There are over 200,000 people who were born outside Canada that call Ottawa home – about 23% of the total population. About 50 percent of its residents speak English, and 30 percent speak French. The remaining 20 percent speak other languages. There are over 200,000 immigrants who call the city home. Of these residents, 45% are from Asia and the Middle East, 26% are from Europe, 14% are from Africa, 11% are from Central and South America, and 4% are from the United States.
There are four hospitals in the region: Queensway Carleton Hospital, The Ottawa Hospital, Montfort Hospital, and Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario. As well, there are several specialized hospitals and clinics in the region.
Ottawa offers high-quality English and French education in public, Catholic and private school systems. The government pays for public elementary and secondary school education. There are 318 schools, including 65 high schools in the city. There are also several private schools. However, if you enroll your children in private schools, you will have to pay tuition fees.
Ottawa has two universities and two colleges:
The University of Ottawa offers more than 300 programs in 10 faculties and is North America’s premier bilingual university.
Carleton University offers over 200 programs in 47 departments, including public affairs, journalism, film studies, engineering, IT, and international studies.
Algonquin College offers more than 100 full-time programs.
La Cite Collégiale offers 70 full-time college programs in Administration, Media and Communications, Health, Technology, Hospitality and Tourism, Community Services and Trades.
The city also has two Catholic universities – Dominican University College and Saint Paul University.
With the highest-educated workforce in Canada, Ottawa has more engineers, scientists, and PhDs per capita than any other city in the country. Canada’s highest is also due to a booming public sector and high-tech industry. The key industries in Ottawa are information technology (IT), life sciences sectors, professional services, public service and tourism.
The top Ottawa Employers included Adobe Systems Canada Inc., Babcock Canada Inc., Bank of Canada, Canada Foundation for Innovation and Canada Revenue Agency (CRA)
Fun Fact: Ottawa is home to a giant, underground Cold War-era bunker. In 1959, Prime Minister John Diefenbaker commissioned the building of his own, highly secretive underground bunker. This remote location is found in the rural region of Carp, about 30 kilometres west of downtown Ottawa. The bunker took two years to build, and its depths are extensive and detailed in plans.
Highway driving is a vital skill for Ottawa residents. Commuting from neighbouring communities into the city is common. A variety of highways supports the region. They include Highway 417 (part of the Trans-Canada Highway), Highway 416, and Highway 401. The city also has a variety of parkways, including Queen Elizabeth Driveway, Rockcliffe Parkway, and Aviation Parkway.
OC Transpo runs the public transit system in Ottawa. The rapid transit system consists of bus and light and medium rail lines. Bus services run seven days per week and connect to all major neighbourhoods in the city and Gatineau.
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